Famous 1865 Letter Still Relevant In 2020
Written by ZenKC on June 11, 2020
Story by Chuck Tackett
Famous 1865 Letter Still Relevant In 2020
Several years ago, a letter dated in the year 1865 was discovered. It was written by a former slave named Jourdan Anderson to his former slave owner Colonel P.H. Anderson. Jourdan Anderson was responding to a written request from Colonel Anderson to return to work on his plantation that was damaged during the Civil War. This letter has been on my mind lately from all that has been happening these past few weeks including the murder of George Floyd. The following below is that 1865 letter:
Dayton, Ohio August 7, 1865
To My Old Master Colonel P.H. Anderson, Big Spring, Tennessee
“Sir, I got your letter and was glad to find that you had not forgotten Jourdan and that you wanted me to come back and live with you again, promising to do better for me than anybody else can. I have often felt uneasy about you. I thought the Yankees would have hung you long before this, for harboring Rebs they found at your house. I suppose they never heard about your going to Colonel Martin’s to kill the Union soldier that was left behind by his company in their stable. Although you shot at me twice before I left you, I did not want to hear of you being hurt and am glad you are still living. It would do me good to go back to the dear old home again, and see Miss Mary and Miss Martha and Allen, Esther, Green, and Lee. Give my love to them all and tell them I hope we will meet in a better world if not this. I would have gone back to see you all when I was working in the Nashville Hospital, but one of the neighbors told me that Henry intended to shoot me if he ever got a chance.
I want to know particularly what the good chance is your proposal to give me. I am doing tolerably. Well here, I get $25 a month, with victuals and clothing. I have a comfortable home for Mandy – the folks call her Mrs. Anderson, – and the children – Milly, Jane. and Grundy – go to school and are learning well. The teacher says Grundy has a head for a preacher. They go to Sunday School, and Mandy and me attend church regularly. We are kindly treated. sometimes we overhear other saying, ‘them colored people were slaves’ down in Tennessee. The children feel hurt when they hear such remarks, but I tell them it was no disgrace in Tennessee to belong to Colonel Anderson. Many darkeys would have been proud, as I used to be, to call you master. Now if you will write and say what wages you will give me, I will be better able to decide whether it would be to my advantage to move back again.
As for my freedom which you say I can have, there is nothing to be gained on that score, as I got my free papers in 1864 from the Provost-Marshall-General of the Department of Nashville. Mandy says she would be afraid to go back without some proof that you were disposed to treat us justly and kindly and we have concluded to test your sincerity by asking you to send us wages for the time we served you. This will make us forget and forgive old scores, and rely on your justice and friendship in the future. I served you faithfully for 32 years and Mandy 20 years. At $25.00 a month for me and $2.00 a week for Mandy, our earnings would amount to $11,680.00. Add to this the interest for the time our wages have been kept back, and deduct what you paid for our clothing, and 3 doctor visits to me and pulling a tooth for Mandy, and the balance will show what we are in justice entitled to. Please send this money by Adam’s Express, in care of V. Winter, Esq., Dayton, Ohio. If you fail to pay us for faithful labor in the past, we can have little faith in your promises in the future. We trust the good Maker has opened your eyes to the wrongs which you and your fathers have done to me and my fathers in making us toil for you for generations without recompense. Here, I draw my wages every Saturday night, but in Tennessee, there was never any pay-day for the negroes any more than for the horses and cows. Surely, there will be a day of reckoning for those who defraud the laborer of his hire.
In answering this letter, please state if there would be any safety for my Milly and Jane, who are now good-looking girls. You know it was with poor Matilda and Catherine. I would rather stay here and starve – and die if it comes to that – than have my girls bought to shame by the violence and wickedness of their young masters. You will also please state if there have been any schools opened for the colored children in your neighborhood. The great desire of my life now is to give my children an education and have them form virtuous habits.
Say howdy to George Carter and thank him for taking the pistol from you when you were shooting at me.”
From your old servant,
The more things change, the more they stay the same. Just as in generations past, today, millions of Whites in the USA are seduced into thinking they are superior and entitled. They have disdain and no respect for poor and low wealth folks, especially if they are people of color, or any other marginalized groups. We are expendable in their eyes. The only thing we are good for, is fighting their wars, working for a low wage job, doing back-breaking labor, sports entertainment, and sexual pleasure for their fantasies. Your empty praises mean nothing during these difficult times. We need to see action behind those praises.
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